Mobile First indexing means Google will predominantly use the mobile version of the content your business wants to portray for indexing and ranking.
In the past, Google used to index content by using the desktop version of a page’s content for mobile searches. When evaluating the relevance of the page as compared to the user’s query, the desktop version was indexed. This used to leave a huge void for mobile-based web content.
A majority of people now access Google via mobile devices, and new indexing technique will primarily use the mobile version of the business website.
For mobile searches, Google will primarily crawl and index mobile version of the website page rather than desktop version. Businesses that have created a responsive website for the website will not be affected by this update. However, businesses that have a different version for mobile as well as desktops will need to update their content according to best practices.
Recently, Google announced that it has begun the process of rolling out mobile-first indexing to more websites. The rollout is only for those websites that follow the best mobile-first practices.
In October last year, a limited number of websites had been moved over. But this time the process of mobile-indexing is on a larger scale.
Google will inform the website owners that their website has been migrated to the mobile-first indexing process via messages in the Google search console. See below the example of what notification the business owner will receive.
Google has exponentially started delivering better user experience for the majority of its user base: mobile audience. Businesses should now focus on creating mobile-friendly websites so that it reaches maximum audience.
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